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Safety Warden Interview at ASHEI

Safety Warden interview for Sobha Constructions Abudabi at Ashei Kochi on 16th Dec 20

ASHE Institute, Kochi Proudly announce IDIPOSH certification for OHS professionals

International Diploma in Occupational Safety & Health

British Safety Council have been a trusted leader in health, safety and environmental management. They have educated millions of workers and made hundreds of thousands of workplaces healthier and safer for everyone. British Safety Council do this by sharing information, supporting organisations as they change, advising, educating and campaigning for effective legislation.
Workplace there are multiple hazards and can harm workers, the broader environment or both, requiring different levels of risk management. They help you to reduce risks sensibly, making workplaces healthier and safer for everyone and improving long-term business performance. British Safety Council has changed the world of work for the better and we’ll never stop, because excellent health, safety and environmental management is good for your people and good for your business.
The International Diploma focuses on embedding health and safety into an organisation’s culture and highlights the key role of communication in securing senior management commitment.

This Course is Suitable For?  Health and safety professionals who are wanting to advance their professional career or undertake further postgraduate study.

Is This Qualification Recognised?
This qualification is also accepted by the International Institute of Risk and Safety Management (www.iirsm.org) as meeting their requirements for full membership (MIIRSM). United Kingdom professional health and safety bodies have a growing international reputation with a number of international branches being formed.
Meets the academic requirement for graduate membership of IOSH (Grad IOSH). Following the successful completion of a period of initial professional development, a graduate member may apply for chartered status (CMIOSH).
Benefits of the Course.
On successful completion of the qualification, the Diploma holder may apply for Graduate member (Grad IOSH) of the Institution of Occupational Safety and Health (IOSH), the major UK professional body in the field (www.iosh.co.uk). This is the first step to becoming a Chartered Safety and Health Practitioner as a Chartered Member of IOSH (CMIOSH).
Holders of the British Safety Council International Diploma in Occupational Health and Safety may use the designatory letters “IDipOSH” after their name. The British Safety Council International Diploma is a prestigious and demanding professional qualification for those wanting to advance their career in occupational health and safety.IDipOSH is recognised around the world as the global standard for health and safety professionals. It aims to provide the knowledge and understanding that strengthen performance of a Health and Safety Professional.
Entry Requirement
There are no specific entry requirements for this qualification, however, it is highly recommended to complete NEBOSH International General Certificate or equivalent to Level 3 before undertaking the NEBOSH International Diploma.
Fresher’s – Core Engineering graduates, Science graduates & polytechnic diploma holders with NEBOSH General Certificate or equivalent to Level 3.Good standard of written English communication is required since the examinations are held in English.

Course Content
The International Diploma is divided into Three units, each of which is assessed separately:

  • Unit 1: Principles of health and safety Management.
  • Unit 2: Safeguarding People’s Health in the Workplace.
  • Unit 3: Promoting a Positive Health and Safety Culture in the Workplace.

The International Diploma in Occupational Safety & Health exam is assessed in Three units:
The Unit 1: Principles Health and Safety Management – 3 Hrs written exam.

  • .The Unit 2: Safeguarding People’s Health in the Workplace – 2.5 Hrs written exam and 5000 words assignment.
  • The Unit 3: Promoting a Positive Health and Safety Culture in the Workplace – 10,000 words Assignment only.
  • All the Candidate scripts are marked by external examiners appointed by British Safety Council.

Successfully completing the International Diploma in Occupational Safety and Health leads to Graduate Membership of IOSH. This is the first step to becoming a Chartered Health and Safety Practitioner as a Chartered Member of IOSH (CMIOSH)

Results and certificates issued within 30 working days.

Contact Us:

For Details info@asheinstitute.comwww.ashienstitute.com   04842343590, 9745126655




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The Institution of Occupational Safety and Health (IOSH) is a British organization for health and safety professionals. The IOSH Managing Safely Certificate Course focuses on specially training the managers and supervisors of any organization. The course helps them comprehend and adopt high standard occupational health and safety principles and practices in their particular work culture.
Who is the course for?
Anyone in a management role.
Why it works?
• Designed for managers and supervisors in any sector and in any country
• Provides the knowledge and tools required to manage safely
• Peace of mind from training that’s designed and quality-controlled by us
• Flexibility of delivery that suits your business
• Internationally recognised and respected certification
• Efficient and effective learning – health, safety and environmental basics covered in a single programme
What to expect?
• Memorable and thought-provoking facts and case studies
• Modules backed by clear examples and recognisable scenarios
• Summaries to reinforce key points
• Checklists and materials supplied for subsequent use in the workplace
• Interactive quiz and discussions
• Practical exercise based on the operations of a real business
• Successful delegates awarded a Managing Safely certificate
Top 5 business benefits
• Greater productivity – fewer hours lost to sickness and accidents
• Improved organisation-wide safety awareness culture and appreciation of safety measures
• Active staff involvement to improve the workplace
• Internationally recognised certification for managers and supervisors
• Enhanced reputation within the supply chain
Top 5 delegate benefits
• Ensures you can assess and control risks and hazards
• Ensures you understand your own responsibilities for safety and health
• Enables you to investigate incidents
• Empowers you to measure your own performance
• Allows for personal reflections on good practice

4 Days course
Introduces managerial level professionals to effective management of safety and health at workplace, last day of the course you have to write an exam.

For further assistance contact me on 9447609617

An ISO 9001:2008 Certified – Environment Health and Safety Training Institute 
IOSH|NEBOSH|BSC|MFA|OHSAS|IADC Rigpass Accredited center @ Kochi
First Floor, Suprans Arcade, Aishwarya Road,
Opposite to Kaloor International Stadium, Palarivattom(PO), Ernakulam – 682 025
Phone : 0091 484 2343590
Mob : 91 94 476096 17, 85 928593 85
Email : info@asheinstitute.com, ashei.neena@gmail.com
Web : www.asheinstitute.com

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Guidance On NEBOSH Command Words

Guidance On NEBOSH Command Words

There are many things to consider while attempting the NEBOSH, but the main thing that the student should follow is the commands words by NEBOSH. These are the most important to achieve the NEBOSH IGC in the first attempt. Most of the students don’t follow the rules and some of them don’t know about that so the reason they get failed. These are the following commands words.

  1. Identify

To give reference to an item, which could be its name or title.

NB: normally a word or phrase will be sufficient, provided the reference is clear.

For Example:

  1. Identify FOUR hazards associated with excavations? (4)

 Sufficient answers would include:

Collapse of the sides

Water Ingress

Falling Material

Undergrounds Services

  1. Give

To provide short, factual answers. To offer for consideration, acceptance, or use of another.

NB: normally a single word, phrase or sentence will be sufficient. Give an example of; Give the meaning of.

For Example:

  1. Identify FOUR types of safety sign AND Give an example in EACH case. (4)

Sufficient answers would include:

Prohibition signs – eg No smoking

Warning signs – eg Caution hot surface

Mandatory signs – eg Wear ear protection

Emergency or safe condition signs – eg first-aid box

  1. Outline

To indicate the principal features or different parts of.

NB: an exhaustive description is not required. What is sought is a brief summary of the major aspects of whatever is stated in the question

To gain the marks for the outline example questions below, the same breadth of the answer is required as for an identify answer, but now, additional information will be required to satisfy the depth of an outline.

For Example:

  1. Outline FOUR hazards associated with excavations? (4)

Sufficient answers would include:

Collapse of the sides – Unsupported trench or incorrect angle of the sides.

Water ingress –Through heavy rain or burst water main.

Falling materials –Spoil dug from excavation or materials and tools stored at ground level could fall in.

Underground services –Contact or rupturing of electricity, gas or water utilities.

  1. Describe

To give a detailed written account of the distinctive features of a subject. The account should be factual, without any attempt to explain.

When describing a subject (or object) a test of sufficient detail would be that another person would be able to visualize what you are describing.

For Example:

  1. Describe the mechanical hazards associated with a bench grinder. (8)

A sufficient answer would be:

An entanglement hazard would be associated with the rotating spindle that the abrasive wheel is mounted on. Drawing in and trapping is associated with the gap between the tool rest and the rotating abrasive wheel. Friction or abrasion hazards would be associated with the surface of the rotating abrasive wheel and stabbing or puncture hazards could be created by flying fragments or pieces of ejected broken wheel.

  1. Explain

To provide an understanding. To make an idea or relationship clear.

NB: this command word is testing the candidate’s ability to know or understand why or how something happens. Is often associated with the words ‘how’ or ‘why’.

For Example:

  1. Explain how sensitive protective equipment (trip device) can reduce the risk of contact with moving parts of machinery. (8)

A sufficient answer would be:

Sensitive protective equipment is designed to identify the presence of a person or body part within the danger zone of machinery. Examples of such devices include pressure mats and light beams that are connected to the machine controls and would stop the machine rapidly should a person or body part be detected.

Responding to command words in questions

It is important to read the whole question and to understand what the question requires as the command word on its own will need to be reinforced by the remainder of the question.

Many candidates miss out on gaining marks because they do not read the question carefully enough and do not think about their answer thoroughly before writing it down.

Candidates need to think about each question.

  • What is the command word?
  • What do I need to say to gain marks?
  • What is or is not relevant to the question?

In many cases a brief answer plan is an essential aid to ensuring that answers are well thought out and structured.

NEBOSH applies a ‘positive marking’ approach; that is, marks are awarded for correct material in candidates’ answers, rather than being deducted for incorrect or missing material.


Guidance on NEBOSH Commands Words are very important to pass the NEBOSH in first attempt.

NEBOSH IGC Training @ Ashei Kochi   Next batch registration Open. Get Qualified from Leading Trainers!!!   Lead Tutor: Anilmenon CMIOSH FIIRSM OSHCR   Class dates: 4th - 14th December 2017   Exam dates: 28&29 December 2017   To register call: 9447609617, 8606108000


An ISO 9001:2008 Certified – Environment Health and Safety Training Institute

IOSH|NEBOSH|BSC|MFA|OHSAS|IADC Rigpass Accredited center @ Kochi

First Floor, Suprans Arcade, Aishwarya Road,

Opposite to Kaloor International Stadium, Palarivattom(PO), Ernakulam – 682 025

Phone : 0091 484 2343590

Mob : 91 94 476096 17, 85 928593 85

Email : info@asheinstitute.com, info.ashei@gmail.com

Web : www.asheinstitute.com


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CLASS STARTING ON: 9 – 19TH October 2017 

EXAM DATE: 10 & 11 November 2017



TALK WITH EXPERT : 9745 12 6655 , 944 760 9617

VISIT OUR WEBSITE : www.asheinstitute.com



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risks from electricity

What are the risks from electricity?

Harm can be caused to any person when they are exposed to ‘live parts’ that are either touched directly or indirectly by means of some conducting object or material. Voltages over 50 volts AC or 120 volts DC are considered hazardous.

Electricity can kill. Each year about 1000 accidents at work involving electric shocks or burns are reported to the Health and Safety Executive (HSE). Around 30 of these are fatal, most of them arising from contact with overhead or underground power cables.

Shocks from faulty equipment can cause severe and permanent injury and can also lead to indirect injuries, due to falls from ladders, scaffolds, or other work platforms.

Faulty electrical appliances can also lead to fires. As well as causing injuries and loss of life, fires cause damage to plant, equipment and property.


Anyone can be exposed to the dangers of electricity while at work and everyone should be made aware of the dangers.

Those most at risk include maintenance staff, those working with electrical plant, equipment and machinery, and people working in harsh environments such as construction sites.

Most electrical accidents occur because individuals:

  • are working on or near equipment which is thought to be dead but which is, in fact, live
  • are working on or near equipment which is known to be live, but where those involved are without adequate training or appropriate equipment, or they have not taken adequate precautions
  • misuse equipment or use electrical equipment which they know to be faulty.


Consider the following hazards in your risk assessment:

Live parts Normal mains voltage, 230 volts AC, can kill. Also, contact with live parts can cause shocks and burns.

Fire Electrical faults can cause fires. This is particularly true where the equipment contains a heat source (e.g. heaters, including water heaters, washing machines, ovens, heat-seal packaging equipment).

Flammable or explosive atmospheres Electricity can be a source of ignition in a potentially flammable or explosive atmosphere, e.g. in spray paint booths or around refuelling areas.

Where and how electricity is used The risks from electricity are greatest in harsh conditions.

In wet conditions, unsuitable equipment can easily become live and can make its surroundings live.

While outdoors, equipment may not only become wet but may be at greater risk of damage.

In cramped with a lot of earthed metalwork, such as inside tanks, ducts and silos, if an electrical fault develops it can be very difficult to avoid a shock.

Types of equipment in use Some items of equipment can also involve greater risk than others. Extension leads are particularly liable to damage to their plugs and sockets, cables, and electrical connections. Other flexible leads, particularly those connected to equipment that is moved a great deal, can suffer from similar problems.


Below are some minimum steps you should take to ensure electrical safety.

Mains supplies

  • install new electrical systems to BS 7671 Requirements for Electrical Installations
  • maintain all electrical installations in good working order
  • provide enough socket-outlets for equipment in use
  • avoid overloading socket-outlets – using adaptors can cause fires
  • provide an accessible and clearly identified switch (‘Emergency Off’ or ‘EMO’ button) near fixed machinery to cut off power in an emergency
  • for portable equipment, connect to nearby socket-outlets so that it can be easily disconnected in an emergency.

Use the right equipment

  • choose electrical equipment that is suitable for its working environment
  • ensure that equipment is safe when supplied and maintain it in a safe condition
  • electrical equipment used in flammable/explosive atmospheres should be designed not to produce sparks. Seek specialist advice when choosing this type of equipment.
  • protect light bulbs and other easily damaged equipment – there is a risk of electric shock if they are broken.

Maintenance and repairs

  • ensure equipment is fitted with the correctly rated fuse.
  • ensure cable ends always have their outer sheaths firmly clamped to stop wires working loose from plugs or inside equipment
  • replace damaged sections of cable completely – never repair cuts with insulating tape.
  • use proper connectors to join lengths of cable – don’t use connector blocks covered in insulating tape or ‘splice’ wires by twisting them together
  • some equipment is double insulated. These are often marked with a ‘double-square’ symbol. The supply leads have only two wires – live (brown) and neutral (blue)
  • make sure all wires are connected securely if the 13A plug is not a moulded-on type.


Use other forms of power where possible Electrical risks can sometimes be eliminated by using air, hydraulic or hand-powered tools. These are especially useful in harsh conditions, but remember they could introduce other hazards.

Reduce the voltage Using lower voltages can reduce or eliminate the risks of electric shocks and burns:

  • portable tools are available which can be run from a 110 volts, centre-tapped-to-earth supply, (usually from a transformer)
  • where electrically powered tools are used, battery-operated are safest
  • temporary lighting can be run at lower voltages, e.g. 12, 25, 50 or 110 volts.

Use Residual Current Devices (RCDs) for extra safety An RCD can provide additional safety. An RCD detects some (but not all) faults in the electrical system and rapidly switches off the supply.

The best place for an RCD is built into the main supply or the socket-outlet, as this means that the supply cables are permanently protected.

If this is not possible, use a plug incorporating an RCD or a plug-in RCD adaptor. RCDs for protecting people have a rated tripping current (sensitivity) of not more than 30 milliamps (mA).


  • an RCD is a valuable safety device – never bypass it
  • if the RCD trips, it is a sign there is a fault. Check the system before using it again.
  • if the RCD trips frequently and no fault can be found in the system, consult the manufacturer of the RCD
  • use the RCD test button regularly to check that its mechanism is free and functioning

Join ASHEI… Be a certified Safety Professional.
Registration going on for May batch. Few seats available. Last days……………………..
An ISO 9001:2008 Certified – Environment Health and Safety Training Institute
IOSH|NEBOSH|CIEH|IADC Rigpass Accredited center @ Kochi
First Floor, Suprans Arcade, Aishwarya Road,
Opposite to Kaloor International Stadium,
Palarivattom(PO), Ernakulam – 682 025
Phone : 0091 484 2343590
Mob : 91 85 928593 85 , 9447609617

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EMS Auditor – ISO 14001:2015 Training Course @ ASHEI Kochi 8606108000 www.asheinstitute.com

 IRCA Certified EMS Auditor / Lead Auditor – ISO 14001:2015 Training Course

IRCA is the leading professional body for management system auditors and offers a globally recognized business qualification. IRCA represents over 10,000 registered auditors in 150 countries and every year, around 60,000 delegates attend an IRCA certified training course. IRCA Certified courses are recognized as an industry

IRCA recognize that attending a training course is usually a major commitment, both in terms of cost and time. When choosing the right training organizations and the right course make sure you look for those that display the IRCA certification mark. IRCA only approves organizations that have demonstrated a high standard of technical and training expertise. All training organizations approved by IRCA must demonstrate that they have the competence to achieve the learning outcomes for each course and to examine the performance of students


Who will benefit?

Quality-Managers (QA/QC Personnel), Engineers, Professionals in Environmental Fields (Chemical, Leather, Paint, etc.,), Technical Experts. Document Controllers, Internal Auditors, Implementation Managers. NBA / NAAC Coordinators & Consultants, Management System / ISO / TQM Consultants.

Students and Job seekers in Quality field /Abroad Placements /Career Development.


Learning Objectives

On Completion, Successful students will have the knowledge and skills to :  Knowledge

 Explain the purpose of an environmental management system, of environmental management systems standards, of a management system audit and third-party certification, and the business and societal benefits of improving environmental performance.

 Explain the role and responsibilities of an auditor to plan, conduct, report and follow-up an environmental management system audit in accordance with ISO 19011 and ISO/IEC 17021, as applicable.


Course Format

 Course Program

 Each day is divided into four sessions, two before lunch and two after lunch.

 The first session precedes the mid-morning break and the second follows mid morning break.

 The afternoon sessions are similarly divided.

 The output of the exercise is a part of the formal continuous assessment and will therefore be marked.

 Although the exercises are group exercises individual score to the delegate will be based on their overall participation.

 A mock audit – Role play will be conducted on Days 4 & 5 of the Training for the delegates to demonstrate the skills learned and understood during the course. All sessions are interactive and delegate participation is encouraged.

 You will need to allow sufficient time to read and understand the notes which have been provided.


Course Style

 All sessions are delegate interactive and delegate participation is encouraged. Delivery will include presentations by lecture, overhead and slide projection.

 There are numerous exercises and each activity is assessed as part of the overall candidature evaluation.

 A model factory will be used and wherever possible practical illustrations will be given. All course presenters will have experience of QMS design and implementation, and have some experience of QMS certification and assessment.


A live audit in a host organization(or an audit role play) will take place on day 4 so as the delegates may demonstrates the skills learned and developed during the course.


IRCA Registration

TVE CERT is an IRCA registered Training Organization. This QMS Auditor / Lead Auditor– ISO 14001:2015 (A17970) Training Course is registered by the IRCA


Expected Prior knowledge

Before starting this course, you must inform students that they are expected to have the following prior knowledge:


  1. a) Management systems

 The Plan, Do, Check, Act (PDCA) cycle

 The core elements of a management system and the interrelationship between top management responsibility, policy, objectives, planning, implementation, measurement, review, and continual improvement.


  1. b) Environmental management

The intended outcomes of an environmental management system:

 Enhancement of environmental performance

 Fulfillment of compliance obligations

 Achievement of environmental objectives


  1. c) ISO 14001

 Knowledge of the requirements of ISO 14001 and the commonly used environmental management terms and definitions, as given in ISO 14001, which may be gained by completing an IRCA Certified EMS Foundation Training course or the equivalent.



v Training Programs are handled by Highly Experienced and IRCA Qualified Lead Auditors.

v The Batches once committed will not be cancelled

v 3 Fully Equipped Training Halls available at Trichy to carry out Multi Program at the same time.


Course Period : 5 consecutive Days Start Time 09:00; Finish Time 18:00

Exam : There is a 2hoursclose book exam on the final day (pass mark 70%)

An ISO 9001:2008 Certified – Environment Health and Safety Training Institute
IOSH|NEBOSH|BSC|MFA|OHSAS|IADC Rigpass Accredited center @ Kochi
First Floor, Suprans Arcade, Aishwarya Road,
Opposite to Kaloor International Stadium, Palarivattom(PO), Ernakulam – 682 025
Phone : 0091 484 2343590
Mob : 91 94 476096 17, 85 928593 85
Email : info@asheinstitute.com, ashei.neena@gmail.com
Web : 


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Happy Independance Day!!

Celebrate the free spirit of India’s 71th Independence.
May this Independence Day Fills your life happiness and prosperity.
Happy Independence Day.

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Health And Safety Auditing In Ernakulam / Cochin

Health And Safety Auditing In Ernakulam / Cochin

OHSAS 18001:2007  IRCA Approved LA Training Course @ ASHEI Kochi


Start Date: 24th August 2017

End Date: 28th August 2017

Time: 9am to 5.30 pm

Venue: ASHE Institute Kochi

Registration Open!!!

Call: 9447609617, 8606108000, 9745126655


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Accident Investigation


Accident investigation is the process of determining the root causes of accidents, on-the-job injuries, property damage, and close calls in order to prevent them from occurring again.


Accident investigation will lead you to the real cause of why something happened, and armed with that knowledge, you can take affirmative steps to prevent future accidents from occurring.


  • Develop an accident investigation process that focuses on:

o fact finding, not fault finding

o determining the root causes of why the event occurred

o making changes so the event does not happen again.

  • Set a policy that accidents and close calls (large and small) will be investigated with equal vigor.
  • Provide training and tools to staff conducting accident investigations.
  • Audit completed investigations to ensure they are being completed on a timely basis with an adequate level of detail.



Workplace accidents should be investigated as soon as possible after they occur. The goals of a timely and thorough accident investigation should be to:

  • determine the cause of the accident
  • prevent the accident from happening again
  • improve health and safety conditions in the workplace
  • determine whether a violation of federal or state safety and health standards contributed to the accident
  • determine company or individual liability in case of future legal action
  • determine the need for repairs or replacement of damaged items
  • determine the need for additional education and training for employees.


A thorough and complete accident investigation involves several steps, specifically:

  • background investigation
  • site investigation
  • interviews
  • analysis and reporting.


The following outline discusses these steps in more detail.

Background investigation

  • Review the employment and injury records of any injured employee(s) and/or others whose actions contributed to the accident.
  • Review reports of any injuries and/or damage to equipment, machines, building, or property.
  • Compile a list of witnesses to the accident.
  • Gather information about normal conditions and/or operations of the area. Information would include maps, floor plans, wiring diagrams, and any other piping or architectural drawings or operational guidelines.
  • Meet with supervisors and other employees responsible for the affected area and employees of the affected area to outline the purpose and goals of the investigation. Ensure that there is a basic understanding of the materials, equipment, operation, or process involved.


Site investigation

  • Arrive at the scene of the accident as soon as possible after the incident has occurred.
  • Restrict the accident scene to authorized persons during the site investigation.
  • Ensure that movable evidence is secured to prevent tampering or other changes.
  • Determine what physical changes may have occurred following the accident. Changes could be attributed to clean-up, weather, maintenance, and normal usage.
  • Tour the entire area and record pertinent initial perceptions of the status and condition of building, grounds, equipment, lighting, and ventilation.
  • Sketch or draw parts of the accident scene where equipment or machinery involved in the accident is located or where actions that contributed to the accident occurred. Use the following guidelines when sketching or drawing an accident scene:

o Use squared (graph) paper. If distance or size is important determine the value for each square and note this at the bottom of each sketch.

o Orient each sketch with an arrow pointing north.

o Label all objects.

o Use arrows to indicate paths of travel of individuals and/or vehicles.

o Indicate the distance of movable objects from two fixed locations.

o Note the location of witnesses present at the time of the accident.

  • Take photographs of the overall scene, damaged areas, and pertinent machinery and/or equipment. Photographs should be made before any adjustments occur to the scene of the accident.

o Prior to taking photographs, determine if the area has been altered. If items have been moved or changed, do not move them back for photographs. Photograph items as found, yet document the change and the individual responsible or knowledgeable of the change.

o For close-ups, use reference items such as a ruler or level measurer to indicate size or slope of the items photographed. For each close-up, photograph the same item from a distance to provide a reference. Photograph the area where the injured worker(s) were found, using reference marks to indicate individuals’ placement.



  • Prepare a list of witnesses and other individuals to be interviewed.
  • When possible, do not allow more than 24 hours to elapse before conducting interviews.
  • Conduct interviews in a private setting to avoid interruptions and distractions.
  • Prepare a list of questions in advance of any interview. Use questions that require narrative answers. Avoid questions that suggest an expected answer (Example: “Isn’t it true that the injured employee was running?”) or that can be answered with either “yes” or “no.” Questions should be structured from the following six key elements: Who? What? Where? When? How? Why?

o Who questions identify all parties involved.

o What questions identify pertinent actions, events, and physical objects.

o Where questions locate participants, witnesses, and key objects involved in the accident.

o When questions determine the time of the accident and establish relationships between pairs of activities or events.

o How questions provide information on the interaction and relationships among participants, equipment, and the events leading up to, during, and after the accident.

o Why questions determine unsafe acts or hazardous conditions.

  • Before starting the interview, advise the person to be interviewed that the purpose of the session is to determine the cause of the accident and to prevent any future occurrence.
  • Start the interview by asking the individual to describe what happened. Do not interrupt with questions.
  • After the individual has given his or her initial statement, ask the prepared questions and any additional questions prompted by the individual’s statement.
  • Record the individual’s statement, the questions asked, and the answers received in the order that they occur. Let the individual talk, but not ramble. Interrupt when necessary to turn the conversation back to the subject at hand.
  • Close the interview when all questions have been answered and when the individual indicates no additional information can be provided. Encourage the individual to contact you if other pertinent information comes to mind. Immediately after the interview, review the individual’s statement and answers and record your impressions and judgments.


Analysis and reporting

After all fact-finding efforts are complete, analyze the data to determine all causes of the accident. Then prepare a comprehensive report outlining the identified causes and describing corrective measures to prevent similar future accidents. To best understand why an accident occurred and to plan for preventive actions, it is important to realize that most accidents have more than one cause. It is important to realize that an accident may be the result of the interaction of seemingly unrelated events.


The cause of an accident is any behavior, condition, act, or omission without which the accident may not have happened, or the severity of the injuries would have been less. Causes can be characterized as direct, indirect, or contributing.

  • Direct causes are acts or omissions that directly relate to the accident. These could include workers or other individuals who:

o operate equipment in an unsafe manner or operate equipment known to have safety defects or deficiencies

o do not follow required or necessary safety precautions or procedures

o fail to correct known damage to or faulty operations of equipment, machinery, or vehicles.

  • Indirect causes are conditions that directly contribute to the occurrence of a direct cause. These causes could include:

o defective or unusual conditions of equipment, machinery, vehicles, buildings, or grounds

o defective or unusual conditions of workers or other individuals, such as intoxication, physical defects or limitations, or psychological defects or limitations

o hazardous or unusual conditions of weather.

  • Contributing causes are conditions, programs, acts, or omissions that are not directly related to the accident but did contribute to the occurrence or existence of a direct or indirect cause. These causes could include lack of or inadequate:

o safety program

o training programs

o preventive maintenance programs

o corrective maintenance programs

o supervision

o enforcement

o design of equipment, machinery, vehicles, or facilities

o advisory or warning communication, labels, or signs.



  • Collect and correlate data. The following are examples of materials that can be used to ascertain all causes related to the accident. These materials should be collected and organized to allow investigators to review all information at one time:

o summary of employment and injury records of pertinent employees

o summary of orientation and training records for pertinent employees

o summary of normal conditions and/or operation of the pertinent area

o description of usual and safe operations or use of materials, equipment, facilities, operations, or processes involved

o summary of inspections of materials, equipment, and facilities involved

o summary of witness statements that includes an outline of areas of agreement and disagreement between statements

o summary of pertinent records of preventive maintenance or repair

o written company policies or directives that pertain to the materials, equipment, facilities, operations, or processes involved.

  • Review data and pose hypothetical causes. The investigator should review all pertinent data. After the initial review, the investigator should outline potential direct, indirect, and contributing causes. It is important that all potential causes be listed and that the investigator not draw preliminary conclusions as to the probability that a potential cause was or was not related to the incident. It may be helpful to have a second individual conduct an independent review of the pertinent data to list all of the potential causes.
  • Test potential causes. Review again the pertinent data looking for specific data that affirm or reject each potential cause. Connect related direct, indirect, and contributing causes.



A written report should be generated that contains the following sections:

  • Statement of the problem. This section should include:

o a review of the incident

o a summary of injuries, lost time, and equipment and/or property damage.

  • Review of the data. This section should include:

o a summary of witness statements

o a summary of relevant findings concerning the accident and work history of affected employees and the operation of machinery or equipment

o a storyboard with photographs or sketches

o an overview of existing, written company policies or directives.

  • Causes. This section should list the direct, indirect, and contributing causes that have been affirmed by the data. A reference should be made to the data that support each cause.
  • Recommendations. These should be based directly on each of the noted causes. These recommendations could include the following:

o more or improved training for employees

o new company policies or directives, or better clarification or dissemination of existing ones

o improved communication between employees, supervisors, and management

o design or operation changes or improvements to machines, equipment, or processes

o different or improved safety equipment

o different or improved protection from natural phenomena or disasters

o different or improved systems to account for possible physical, physiological, or psychological limitations of employees, customers, or others.



1st Floor, Suprans Arcade, Aiswarya Road, Opposite to Kaloor International Stadium, Palarivattom, 682025

Reach us on 9745126655, 8592859385



IOSH : 1/09/2017

NEBOSH IGC : 11/09/2017

NEBOSH HSW : 24/09/2017

OHSAS 18001 : 24/08/2017

MEDIC FIRST AID : 30/08/2017

IADC RIGPASS : 24/08/2017

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Qualified candidates can sent CV to hr@asheinstitute.com

Scaffolder training @ ashei
Date: 12th August 2017
Time: 10 am
Venue: ASHE Institute
For registration & details: 9447609617, 8606108000

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